Our world has been saturated by the media’s constant attention to the wars and rivalries between nations, many of which have existed for centuries. This is a truth that most of us have simply learned to accept and a few have even embraced, but for others, these never-ending battles between the people of this small, pale blue dot is not fought on the seas, in the air, or on hallowed grounds, it is fought on a 100-yard grass field by twenty two of the most athletic and respected footballers of today’s modern game.
For some sports teams, a rivalry can be traced back decades into their history. The truly great battles–Ali vs Frazier, the Yankees vs the Red Sox–utterly surpass the sport, and in some cases, define it. However, there is only one contention that encapsulates three hundred years of a nation’s history and, in many ways, personifies the strife itself: FC Barcelona vs Real Madrid.
The bitterness between the Galacticos and the Blaugrana is more than just a simple rivalry of clubs or fanatics; it’s more than a commercial success or the 1 billion plus viewers the game generates. The Clásico is the stage where year after year the people of Catalonia (the region where Barcelona resides) declare their independence from Spain.
Catalonia existed as a sovereign state with its own language, culture, and identity until September 11, 1714, when King Philip V conquered the Catalan region. Shortly thereafter, the few remaining territories of the Iberian Peninsula were annexed, thus creating the country that we know today as Spain.
Programming note: For viewers in the United States, this Saturday’s el Clasico between Real Madrid and Barcelona will be shown live on beIN SPORTS, beIN SPORTS Espanol and DishWorld (with coverage beginning at 11am ET). Even if you don’t have a TV subscription to beIN SPORTS, you can access those channels via online streaming service DishWorld for $10/month. Read our review of DishWorld. And sign up for DishWorld via their website.
During the next 200 years, Spanish was slowly introduced into Catalonia and was eventually made the official language of the region. The Catalan people were allowed to use their language at their own leisure, but all legal documents, schools, and even the media were forced to use Spanish. This infuriated the proud people of Catalonia, but they were helpless to stop the actions of the Spanish capital.
In the early part of the 20th century, Catalonia made great strides in their consistent hunt for independence. Unfortunately, their plans of secession came to a halt when Franco, a conservative, right-wing militant, became Spain’s first and only dictator at the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939, and for the next 36 years, he ruled over the country with a combination of fear, oppression, and sheer military might.