USL at a Crossroads: Building USL


Over the next several days and in conjunction with Brian Quarstad (who wrote most of this piece and whose counsel on USL matters is invaluable)  I will be presenting to you a multi-part series on the United Soccer Leagues. Where it has come from, where it might be going as well as some of the behind the scene events that have taken place over the last several years as the league and it’s USL-1 owners struggle for control and direction.

Part One: Building USL

In 1986 the professional soccer landscape in the US looked bleak. The last of the North American Soccer League (NASL) teams, that looked so promising for a few brief years in the late 70’s, were all gone. They were laid to rest by player salaries that were too high to break even and diminishing crowds that no longer felt soccer was the “in thing” to watch as it was in the days of the New York Cosmos.

Youth soccer in this country was on the rise, but no one knew if that would translate into more adult players or fans.  A young Portuguese soccer executive whose stock was rising had dreams of a new soccer league spread throughout the country he now called home and where he had spent most of his adult life. That man was Francisco Marcos, former Tampa Bay Rowdies (NASL) Executive. The Rowdies were one of the more successful NASL franchises, surviving until the collapse of the league and Marcos knew a huge void had to be filled for the game to continue its upsurge in North America.

As a Rowdies executive, Marcos also grew the Tampa Bay Area Youth Soccer Organization to a statewide level as the Florida Youth Soccer Association and was responsible for the first modern cooperative agreement between an American club and a top foreign club: an affiliate arrangement between the Rowdies and Sao Paulo of Brazil.

Marcos founded the Southwest Indoor Soccer League (SISL) in 1986 which evolved into an outdoor league in 1989. Eventually, he created the first league that spanned North America since the old NASL. However, different from the NASL, this league created a pyramid system. This was something the Portuguese soccer executive understood from his connections to soccer in Europe. In time he built the league to include three levels of senior men’s play, the first national women’s league, (W-League) and the first competitive North American system of youth leagues (Super Y-League).

In 1997, the American Professional Soccer League (A-League) was merged with the USISL to create a nationwide pyramid structure. During the course of twenty years the A-League and the USISL, and now USL have made an immeasurable contribution to the development of the game in North America. Marcos’ vision can clearly be lauded.

Today, the USL is a true pyramid system with 11 USL-1 teams, 9 USL-2 teams, 37 W-League teams, 69 PDL teams and 575  Super Y and Super-20 teams. That’s a grand total of 701 teams as compared with 15 teams in Major League Soccer.

In order to raise cash to build the league, Marcos sold shares of the USL to several companies including Signal Apparel  and Riddell Sports as well as Umbro Holdings Ltd. Umbro, who was based in England, had good brand identity in Europe but especially in the United Kingdom. The company also held the sponsorship rights to the English National Team and manufacture the England kit which is popular throughout the world.

In April 1999, the USL announced Umbro had purchased another 30% of the USL, bringing their portion of ownership to 60%, while Signal Apparel and Riddell Sports each held 15%. Marcos retained 10%.

With Major League Soccer garnering the majority of media attention, the USL pyramid toiled in virtual anonymity outside its core markets in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Many previously successful professional teams either folded or dropped down to amateur competition.
Several USL teams even built soccer specific stadiums, yet they have failed to receive the recognition from many in the American soccer community that MLS sides have for their SSS building program.

In 1999, Blackbaud Stadium, the first modern SSS in the United States, was built for the Charleston Battery. The facility, modeled after lower league grounds from England has been phenomenally successful. Columbus Crew of MLS built a soccer specific stadium that opened a few weeks after Blackbaud.

With instability within the league, and little mainstream press, MLS began courting USL sides to join the more visible, FIFA sanctioned first division. Toronto was approved in 2006, leaving the USL-1 Toronto Lynx to drop down to amateur competition.

In March of 2006, Umbro purchased an additional 30% of the league bringing UMBRO’s total to 94% and leaving Marcos with 6%.

Tomorrow- Nike purchases Umbro but has second thoughts about USL, the Team Owners Association is started, and rushed decisions lead to trouble in Cleveland.

For my personal analysis of some of these issues please visit the Kartik Report

25+ Channels With Sports & News
  • Starting price: $33/mo. for fubo Latino Package
  • Watch Euro 2020, Copa America, Gold Cup & MLS
  • Includes ESPN, FOX, Univision, TUDN and more
Favorite Leagues At The Best Price
  • Starting price: $7.99/mo. for Live TV Package
  • Watch Argentine league, Brasileirāo and Copa Libertadores
  • Includes beIN SPORTS, GolTV, TyC Sports and more
Many Sports & ESPN Originals
  • Price: $5.99/mo. (or get ESPN+, Hulu & Disney+ for $13.99/mo.)
  • Features LaLiga, Bundesliga, MLS, Copa del Rey & more
  • Also includes daily ESPN FC news & highlights show
Live TV, Soccer & Originals
  • Starting price: $4.99/mo.
  • Features Champions League, Serie A, Europa League & more
  • Includes CBS, Star Trek & CBS Sports HQ
175 Premier League Games & PL TV
  • Starting price: $4.99/mo. for Peacock Premium
  • Watch 175 exclusive EPL games per season
  • Includes Premier League TV channel plus movies, TV shows & more


  1. soccer goals August 31, 2009
  2. Florida Goal August 31, 2009
  3. Roger T August 31, 2009
  4. Kevin August 31, 2009
    • Jeph August 31, 2009
      • HM August 31, 2009
        • HMA: Go Crew August 31, 2009
          • J August 31, 2009
          • Kartik Krishnaiyer August 31, 2009
    • Lars August 31, 2009
    • Bobby August 31, 2009
      • JMB321 August 31, 2009
        • Bobby August 31, 2009
          • Kartik Krishnaiyer August 31, 2009
  5. Vnice August 31, 2009
  6. LD August 31, 2009
    • s.y.l.c. August 31, 2009
    • Lars August 31, 2009
  7. Kartik Krishnaiyer August 31, 2009
  8. JMB321 August 31, 2009
  9. Jason August 31, 2009
  10. Fan August 31, 2009
    • Cavan August 31, 2009

Leave a Reply

Translate »